Intervention

SCODC experts can intervene in the following sectors of assistance:

Assistance against illicit drugs: The illicit drug industry is made out of several segments: production, smuggling, high level trafficking, retailing and consumption. Assistance against illicit drug usually targets each of these segments: support to alternative livelihoods, enforcement against manufacturers, border interdiction, reinforcement of national capacity to investigate, arrests, incarcerate drug dealers and to confiscate drugs and illicit revenues as well as prevention, treatment, supply reduction and harm reduction programmes for drug addicts.

Assistance against corruption: One of the adverse consequences of organized crime for developing countries is that it creates large illegal incomes. These illegal incomes generate corruption and violence. Corruption undermines democratic institutions, slows economic development and contributes to governmental instability.

Assistance against corruption should include public awareness, legislative support, judicial support, and other in line with the UN recommendations against corruption (http://www.uncjin.org/CICP/Corrupti_e.pdf)

Assistance against money laundering: Money-laundering is the method by which criminals and terrorist organizations disguise the origins of their funds in order to avoid suspicion and/or detection by law enforcement authorities. There is a need to strengthen the ability of SC countries to implement anti-money-laundering measures to detect and confiscate illicit proceeds and to prevent the financing of terrorism. Assistance can include public awareness and outreach and support to judicial integrity and capacity. These measures should be implemented in line with related UN resolutions and recommendations of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF).

Assistance to security sector reforms (SSR): The sector of security includes all state institutions and other entities with a role in ensuring the security of the state and its people. Assistance on SSR concerns reforms of both the institutions which provide security to citizens and institutions responsible for democratic oversight. These institutions include law enforcement, intelligence services, border management, customs, civil emergencies, prison management, health services, forensic bureaus but also judicial bodies, parliament and other oversight institutions. Assistance can include implementation of risk assessments, elaboration of national strategies and plans, support to the implementation of specific reforms, evaluation, monitoring and support to international coordination.

SCODC can identify suitable candidates, organize and plan specific missions and conduct series of training for Law Enforcement Officers (Judges, Prosecutors, Police officers, Customs officers, Border guards) and for medical doctors, psychologists, narcologists, education personnel, journalists).

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